Kate Brown, CPS domestic abuse lead, said growing up in a violent or toxic home has a “hugely damaging” and “long-lasting” impact on children.

“Today’s guidance, which recognises them as victims, not only offers them automatic support but means the effect on them is considered as part of the justice process.

“There’s no doubt that having a clear understanding of the family dynamic and how a young victim may respond to the criminal justice process, will help us bring more abusers to court.”

She added domestic abuse represents a third of all crime referred to the CPS.

“Working with police and partners, we are dedicated to improving every aspect of how these cases are handled, so victims can come forward with confidence,” she said.