The most common reason for the charity to escalate their concerns was for neglect.
Nearly 900 referrals about child abuse were reported to agencies in Scotland last year, according to the NSPCC helpline.
New figures show in 2021/22, the helpline made 897 referrals about abuse and neglect – an average of two a day.
The most common reason for the charity to escalate their concerns was for neglect with 272.
The NSPCC also estimates that half a million children a year suffer abuse in the UK.
The figures suggest seven children in a classroom experience abuse before they turn 18.
The latest stats come as the charity launches Childhood Day on June 10, a flagship day of fundraising to protect children.
Bosses say it will be aimed to spread a message that everyone has a responsibility to protect children from abuse and neglect.
Caroline Renton, supporter fundraising manager for NSPCC Scotland, said: “We’re encouraging people in local communities across Scotland to get involved and have fun this Childhood Day.
“Whether you hold your own play-themed fundraising event or sign up to volunteer at one of our Childhood Day street collections across the country, every pound you raise will help to keep children safe.”
Sir Peter Wanless, CEO of NSPCC, said: “In light of the recent tragic cases, the NSPCC is emphasising how important it is that we challenge ourselves to do all we can to protect children from harm.
“As well as the Scottish Government playing a leading role in this fight, we know that strong communities can help to keep children safe, with thousands of individual people playing their part and doing what’s right.
“That’s why we created Childhood Day – a day that brings everyone in the UK together to make child protection a top priority.”