Drug deaths in England and Wales highest since 1993

Posted: 3rd August 2021

The number of drug-related deaths recorded in England and Wales in 2020 was the highest since records began in 1993.

In total, 4,561 deaths related to drug poisoning were registered – equivalent to a rate of 79.5 per million people.

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) said about half of these would have occurred in 2019, because of delays in registering deaths.

The majority will have occurred before the pandemic, it added.

The latest figures, which are published annually, show stark differences between men and women, and among different regions.

There were more than twice as many deaths among men as there were among women.

The highest rate of deaths relating to drug misuse was in the North East of England, where 104.6 deaths were recorded per million people, and the lowest was in London, where that figure was 33.1.

In terms of age, the highest rate was among people aged 45-49.

The total death toll is 3.8% higher than the figure for 2019, when 4,393 deaths were recorded.

The ONS suggested the increase could possibly be down to an ageing cohort of drug users suffering from the effects of long-term use, as well as new trends in taking certain drugs – including gabapentinoids and benzodiazepines – at the same time as heroin or morphine.

Of the total deaths registered in 2020, 2,263 – around half – involved an opiate.

And 777 of the deaths involved cocaine – a rise of about 10% on 2019, and more than quadruple the number recorded in 2010.

Last week Scotland, which records figures separately, reported that more than 1,300 people died of drug misuse last year – the highest figure for a seventh year running.

The ONS figures come after an independent review said spending cuts had left recovery services for drug addicts “on their knees”.

Health Secretary Sajid Javid said ministers would “look closely” at the recommendations from Dame Carol Black, who called for an extra £552m investment over five years in England.

The government said it would set up a new cross-government unit on tackling drug misuse.

Commenting on the ONS figures, Dr Emily Finch, vice-chair of the addictions faculty at the Royal College of Psychiatrists, said: “Years of cuts have left addictions services ill-equipped to treat people and prevent these deaths from rising.”

She added: “The government needs to wake up to the fact that cuts to services, disconnecting NHS mental health services from addiction services and shifting the focus away from harm reduction to abstinence-based recovery is destroying lives and fuelling the increase in drug-related deaths.”

Eytan Alexander, chief executive of the UK Addiction Treatment Group, said there was a “parallel pandemic” of drug, alcohol and mental health issues that had “only worsened due to the virus”.


Categories: News